Arts History Update for early August 2015 by David Cummins
It’s high summer and here is a view of Mount Baldy at Sun Valley Idaho where many of the ski runs down the mountain are easily seen. The foreground is the White Cloud golf course where greens fees are outrageously high http://www.gammagammaalumni.com/videos/SunValleyWebCom/ I never played any golf course and only once went into the Sun Valley Lodge complex because I wanted to see Esther Williams swim in the outdoor heated pool in December. Didn’t get to see her as it was cordoned off and restricted, but was out bar prowling that night in Ketchum Idaho and saw her come out of a bar just as I was entering. It was 45 seconds of hobnobbing with the rich and famous if that is a fair description of gawking at the athlete / movie star.
The photograph of Mount Baldy in summer is very interesting to all skiers of the mountain. I still remember the names of each of the runs. I was a college student and just barely at the low end of semi-competence in skiing, and in the company of peers so went on all the runs and all the way to the top several times, and skied and fell my way down several runs. It was thrilling. Broke a ski on one run, scratched my way to the bottom on one ski, rented a pair of skis and went up and finished out the day. Hot blood and intemperate behavior are marks of a youth and his reckless assumption of immortality.
Knowledge without character
Commerce without morality
Science without humanity
Worship without sacrifice
Politics without principle
Wealth without work
Pleasure without conscience
David H. Arrington Collection of 103 photographs by Ansel Adams: American Master are on exhibit at Texas Tech Museum http://www.andrewsmithgallery.com/exhibitions/anseladams/arrington/arrington_adams.html from August 14, 2015 – January 17, 2016 in Galleries 2 and 3.
This exhibition is a collection of 103 photographic works of art surveying a lifetime of creative insight and photographic acumen by American master, Ansel Adams (1902-1984). Adams prevails as a premier American artist of the 20th century and his images established the standard for American landscape photography. The masterful photographs have been curated from one of the largest collections of Adams art work in the world. Midland Texas resident David H. Arrington, an advocate and student of Adams’ artistic methods, gathered not only many hundreds of Adams’ original works but the most iconic and finest prints that the artist ever completed. He generously shared his collection with the Museum.
August 14… Ansel Adams: Workshop for Teachers, 9am-12pm (lunch provided). The Education Division is offering a workshop to teachers regarding the exhibition of Ansel Adams photographs that will be on exhibit at the Museum August 2015 through January 2016. Lunch, all materials, and the workshop registration are free of charge, made possible by generous support from The Helen Jones Foundation, Inc. Continuing Professional Education credit is available. The workshop is limited to 20 participants and is open to teachers of any discipline, at any grade level. Depending upon who registers for the workshop, we will adjust lessons and activities accordingly. Registrations must be made no later than July 24. To register, or if you have questions, please email, Dr. Jill Hoffman, Curator of Education at firstname.lastname@example.org.
August 15 Saturday@TheMuseum: Adams Gallery Photography, 1-4pm. Come and learn about the beauty of Ansell Adams photography while doing an in gallery activity. All ages welcome. Registration required. Free event.
August 15 Gallery Talk: Imagining What Ansel Adams Could Do with Digital Technology, 2:00-3:30pm. The Lubbock Camera Club and West Texas Photographic Society will give a demonstration of how Ansel Adams might have used current digital technology to enhance photographs. Museum Jones Auditorium Reception to follow. Registration requested. Free event.
October 11 Presentation by Ann McDonald photographer on Composing the Perfect Picture and Memories with the Master, Ansel Adams at 2:00 pm Museum Jones Auditorium free event.
Todd W. Wahlstrom, The Southern Exodus to Mexico: Migration Across the Borderlands After the American Civil War (University of Nebraska Press 2015) 232 pages $46.13 hardcover $43.82 e-book ABE Books new $43.95 incl s&h
After the Civil War a handful of former Confederate leaders joined forces with Mexican Emperor Maximilian von Hapsburg to colonize Mexico with former American slaveholders. Their plan was to develop commercial agriculture in the Mexican state of Coahuila under the guidance of former slaveholders with slaves providing the bulk of the labor force. By developing these new centers of agricultural production and commercial exchange, the imperial Mexican government hoped to open up new markets and, by extending the few already-existing railroads in the region, also spur further development.
The Southern Exodus to Mexico considers the experiences of both white southern elites and common white and black southern farmers and laborers who moved to Mexico during this period. Todd W. Wahlstrom examines in particular how the endemic warfare, raids, and violence along the borderlands of Texas and Coahuila affected the colonization effort. Ultimately, Native groups such as the Comanches, Kiowas, Apaches, and Kickapoos, along with local Mexicans, prevented southern colonies from taking hold in the region, where local tradition and careful balances of power negotiated over centuries held more sway than large nationalistic or economic forces. This study of the trans-cultural tensions and conflicts in this region provides new perspectives for the historical assessment of this period of Mexican and American history.
When the Mexican Revolution began in 1810 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla declared slavery abolished. Hidalgo was captured on January 17, 1811 and executed by firing squad on July 30, 1811. After the Revolution succeeded in 1821 the new government Republic of Mexico abolished slavery throughout Mexico and its territories including Tejas by the Guerrero Decree in 1829, but the decree was not enforced in Tejas against either Tejanos or Anglo-Texians. Still, its existence made slaveholding Anglo-Texians nervous and anxious about their agricultural economic system so dependent on slaves for labor.
The Guerrero Decree that abolished slavery throughout the Republic of Mexico except in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, was issued by President Vicente R. Guerrero on September 15, 1829. Guerrero may have acted under the influence of Jose Maria Tornel, who hoped the decree would be a check on American immigration, or he may have issued it as a personal measure because his enemies accused him of being partly of African descent. The decree reached Tejas on October 16, but Ramon Musquiz, the political chief, withheld its publication because it was in violation of the colonization laws, which guaranteed the settlers security for their persons and property. The news of the decree did alarm the Anglo-Texians who petitioned Guerrero to exempt Tejas from the operation of the law. On December 2 Agustin Viesca, secretary of relations, wrote the governor of Tejas that no change would be made respecting the slaves in Texas. Though the decree was never put into operation, it left a conviction in the minds of many Tejas colonists that their economic interests were not safe.
It is against this background that we notice that the French-Austrian Emperor Maximilian 1862-1867 was willing to allow slave holding in northern territories of Mexico by these Anglo-Confederates who had lost the Civil War in America. As it turned out, southern American slaveholders chose the wrong side again.
Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 [Obamacare in political rhetoric] private for profit and not-for-profit health insurance carriers submitted their proposals for premium rates for the following year 2016 by early Spring 2015. Since full coverage under the Affordable Care Act only went into effect on January 1, 2014 the submissions this Spring were the first after a full year of experience under full coverage by those insurers. Here is a review of those proposals and what both state insurance departments and the federal government will be looking at before setting the maximum premium rates for 2016. The proposals vary widely by insurance carrier in the same market, and they vary widely by the geographical localities that form markets. This was to be expected. A number of insurers proposed small one or two percent reductions in premiums, and that was to be expected as well since some insurers were unwilling to match the low premiums other insurers initially bid. http://www.commonwealthfund.org/publications/blog/2015/jul/proposed-premium-rate-increases-for-2016
Most people understand that there are a tier of health care plans offered to the public by a singe insurer in a single market, but most people do not understand that there is capitalistic free enterprise at work within the Affordable Care Act and so maximum premium rates are approved by government and set, insurer by insurer, just as they are for life, fire, homeowner or auto insurance policies. What is the “government”? It is first the state insurance department in each state, and then the federal government review board focused mostly on policies whose geographical coverage is greater than one state.
Ribbon Cutting and walk through of the newly constructed Texas Tech University Innovation Hub building at Research Park, 3911 4th Street is Wednesday August 5 from 5:30-6:30 pm. Public may attend. The building is just west of Texas Tech Parkway and 4th Street, equivalent to Memphis Avenue and 4th Street, on the south side of 4th Street. The public art piece commissioned for the building has not been installed yet but Marco Cianfanelli a South African artist is working on it.
Do you want to sing with the Lubbock Chorale? Auditions for the 2015-2016 season are Tuesday August 18 from 6:00 – 7:30 pm immediately before the Chorale rehearsal 7:30 – 9:30 pm in the School of Music Building M01. E-mail John Hollins artistic director email@example.com or phone 806-778-4980 to set up an audition “musical interview”. The Chorale’s website is www.lubbockchorale.org
Recycling at Texas Tech University is available not just to the Texas Tech community of faculty staff and students but to everyone in the Lubbock community. Free drop-off of recyclable materials. The recycling station is located behind i.e. south of the Housing Services Building whose front door is located on an un-named road that fronts on the steel fence that borders the south side of Marsha Sharp Freeway, at that point depressed below ground level. Drive to Main Street and Hartford Avenue on campus [west of Flint Avenue and east of Indiana Avenue on Main Street] across the street from the Student Recreation Center complex. Drive north on the road between a physical plant building and the Horticultural Gardens [arboretum]. Keep on driving until you come to the steel fence barrier overlooking Marsha Sharp Freeway. The road turns east and you follow it until you come to the Housing Services Building. Drive past the front door of the building and turn south between that building and another physical plant building. In the parking lot are the marked recycling containers and bins. There is a separate glass bin and separate cardboard container. Otherwise you may toss a bag into any bin. http://housing.ttu.edu/gogreen/recycle There are paid part-time student employees [work-study program] who will do a lot of sorting, separating and preparing materials for shipment to companies in the recycling industry. I saw a number of bins with un-bagged materials in them including glass so not everyone separates and bags their recyclables before dropping them off. Remember that it’s more important to recycle than to follow rules. Texas Tech is encouraging people to get into a habit or routine of recycling and commit to that culture.
If you live on the north or northwest side of town you may wish to drive to 9th Street and Indiana Avenue and proceed east on 9th Street crossing over Marsha Sharp Freeway, then turn right or south onto Flint Avenue, then take the first right west into a physical plant parking lot and gasoline fueling station and turn north onto that un-named road to the steel fence barrier overlooking Marsha Sharp Freeway and proceed west on the road and turn south between a physical plant building and the Housing Services Building into a lot where the recycling bins/containers are located. There are some small blue and white recycling station signs that help.
From the latter direction or from 19th Street and Indiana Avenue or Flint Avenue entrances onto campus, there are no entry stations so you don’t have to explain to anyone what you are doing on campus, and you don’t park anywhere so there is absolutely no hassle of any kind.
Teddy Jack’s Hub City Grill is now open at 7205 Milwaukee Avenue http://www.lubbockintheloop.com/teddy-jacks/ but there are many bad reviews in the early days http://www.yelp.com/biz/teddy-jacks-hub-city-grill-lubbock-2 Same ownership as Cujo’s Sportz Bar & Grill at 5811 4th Street near Frankford Avenue http://cujossports.com Cujo is a nickname for Curtis Jordan, football player at Monterey High School, Texas Tech University and in the NFL National Football League 1976-1987 for Tampa Bay Buccaneers and Washington Redskins. Upon retirement he opened restaurants in the Washington DC area to great success, and expanded back home to Lubbock.
Armenia and Armenians
Armenian Genocide by Turkey http://www.armenian-genocide.org/genocidefaq.html 1915-1918 and mopping up the remains 1920-1923 so as to rid central Turkey of Armenians who were neither Turks nor Muslims and so regarded as removable. The survivors fled nearly everywhere so it is called a diaspora, but many thousands fled from central Turkey into the Russian Caucasus and came under domination of the Soviet Union. Eventually the smallest of the Soviet Socialist Republics would become Armenia and after the breakup of the Soviet Union would be the independent Republic of Armenia (1991).
Historic Armenia encompassed all of eastern turkey except the strip littoral to the Black Sea, and included parts of today’s Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iran and Iraq. It also included Cilicia or Little Armenia on the Mediterranean Sea. From 1894 onward festerings from the weakening Ottoman Sultanate led to gangs attacking Armenian populations with impunity and by 1915 the Young Turks were in powerful positions in the nation and the genocide began with a vengeance http://www.armenica.org/history/en/overview/ by rounding up 700 Armenians in Istanbul on April 24, 1915 and deporting or murdering them.
There are innumerable famous Armenians but the artist Arshile Gorky, an abstract expressionist, is certainly one of them http://www.persons.am/en/3199.html and his life is a single story about the genocide. Gorky was born about 1904 on the shores of Lake Van in the heartland of Armenia. His father, fearing conscription into the military of the quarrelsome Turks, bolted in 1910 and left the country for America leaving his family behind. Gorky’s mother led the children to safety in the Russian Caucasus but perished from starvation in 1919 in Yerevan. Gorky fled to America in 1920 reuniting with his father but they were never close.
Turkey, the nation, continually denies that any genocide took place and affirmatively enforces that position be preventing opponents space to oppose or assert otherwise http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2015/4/24/for-turks-acknowledging-an-armenian-genocide-undermines-national-identity.html The government tries to equate its denial with its national identity.
Raymond H. Kevorkian, The Armenian Genocide: A Complete History (I.B. Tauris 2011) 1,029 pages Texas Tech Library DS195.5.K48 little known in America is that after the end of The Great War in 1918 the allied powers looked at the crumbling Ottoman Empire and saw that The Young Turks had engaged in an ongoing genocide of Christian Armenians and so president Woodrow Wilson wanted to intervene [wanted to receive a USA mandate over Armenia from the League of Nations] but the American Congress forbade it in 1920 (it gathered only 23 votes in U.S. Senate) and the genocide continued until done in 1923. It took eight years 1915-1923 to kill 2 million Armenians and displace the remnant to the Soviet Union Caucasus region as the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic with a capital at Yerevan. Armenian Apostolic Church http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_Apostolic_Church is the world’s oldest national church, the first ethnic group to adopt Christianity formally in 301 AD but informally in the first century AD by missions from the apostles Bartholomew and Thaddeus. http://www.armenianchurch.org/index.jsp?&lng=en Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia fell in 1375 AD so what was left was western Armenia in Turkey and eastern Armenia in Russia. The Armenian Republic was declared 1918-1920 http://www.jdemirdjian.com/page2008/Democratic_Republic_of_Armenia.htm in eastern Armenia but in 1920 the Soviet Red Army came in and conquered so it became the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1922 bounded on the west by Turkey, north by Georgia, east by Azerbaijan, and south by Iran. When the Soviet Union fell in 1991 it became the current Republic of Armenia. http://www.armenian-history.com/
Venice Biennale 2015 http://www.labiennale.org/en/art/ May 9 – November 22, 2015 includes a Republic of Armenia exhibition ARMENIA, Republic of
Armenity / Haiyutioun. Contemporary Artists from the Armenian Diaspora
Haig Aivazian, Lebanon; Nigol Bezjian, Syria/USA; Anna Boghiguian Egypt/Canada; Hera Büyüktasçiyan, Turkey; Silvina Der-Meguerditchian, Argentina/Germany; Rene Gabri & Ayreen Anastas, Iran/Palestine/USA; Mekhitar Garabedian, Belgium; Aikaterini Gegisian, Greece; Yervant Gianikian & Angela Ricci Lucchi, Italy; Aram Jibilian, USA; Nina Katchadourian, USA/Finland; Melik Ohanian, France; Mikayel Ohanjanyan, Armenia/Italy; Rosana Palazyan, Brazil; Sarkis, Turkey/France; Hrair Sarkissian, Syria/UK
Commissioner: Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Armenia. Deputy Commissioner: Art for the World Europa, Mekhitarist Congregation of San Lazzaro Island, Embassy of the Republic of Armenia in Italy, Vartan Karapetian.Curator: Adelina Cüberyan von Fürstenberg. Venue: Monastery and Island of San Lazzaro degli Armeni
and it won the Golden Lion Award for best national participation at the 56th Venice Biennale http://www.armenity.net
Each nation that enters the Biennale constructs a pavilion in which the art pieces are displayed. The Armenian pavilion’s title is Armenity/Haiyutioun: Contemporary Artists from the Armenian Diaspora. That pavilion is not located where the other national pavilions are located in the Giardini and Arsenale districts within Venice, but on a small island in the Venice Lagoon, viz., San Lazzaro degli Armeni. The story behind that location is that the Venice Republic gave San Lazzaro to the Armenian monk Mekhitar in 1717 to found a monastery. Mekhitar was an Armenian Catholic and the majority of Armenians were orthodox members of the Armenian Apostolic Church. Mekhitar’s order of monks was located in Constantinople but they were persecuted by the Ottoman Sultan and the majority Armenian Church and so left for Venice where the Mekhitarist Congregation played a central role in the revival of Armenian culture, printing dictionaries and books, educating teachers, and providing shelter for the persecuted. The walls of the San Lazzaro monastery are currently transformed into showrooms for art pieces by 16 Armenian diaspora artists. At the entrance to the island from the pier is a bronze statuary piece of art by the French Armenian Melik Ohanian Streetlights of Memory: A Stand By Memorial (2010-2015) initially intended as a gift by the Armenian community to the City of Geneva Switzerland but rejected by it at the insistence of Turkey. http://www.agos.com.tr/en/article/9975/final-curtain-in-armenian-genocide-monument-bargain-in-switzerland A piece of art can be a surrogate for political battles. It is now a heap of broken pieces, 87 in number, rather than proud upright beaconing street lamps. Here are images of the pavilion exhibits http://www.domusweb.it/en/art/2015/06/15/armenity.html